Baratuciàt: general information

general information managed by Istituto per la Protezione Sostenibile delle Piante - CNR
How to cite this source Schneider A., Ruffa P., Raimondi S., 2013. Baratuciàt. In: Italian Vitis Database, www.vitisdb.it, ISSN 2282-006X
acknowledgments Ager Foundation, Regione Piemonte
botanical information
name
Baratuciàt
type of origin
spontanea
specie
Vitis vinifera
variety group
not available
genera
Vitis
subspecie
sativa
variety for
wine
code
IVD-var_20
registration
Registered in the National Catalogue
yes
code
413
Official name
Baratuciat B.
synonyms
documented synonyms (1)
synonyms documented by the Istitution that appear with the eventual support of the literature
released clones
images
  • shoot
    shoot
  • leaf
    leaf
  • bunch
    bunch
  • berry
    berry
Historical references

The first evidence of Baratuciàt’s presence in the area between the lower part of the Susa Valley and the nearby lowland dates back to the end of XIX century, when a white “Berlon 'd ciat” is mentioned as little cultivated in the municipality of Villarbasse (Commissione ampelografica della Provincia di Torino, 1877). Under the name Berlon 'd gat, Giovanni Dalmasso in his "Studi Ampelografici nell’Astigiano" (1909), describes a white grape variety widely grown mainly in Govone and in neighboring municipalities (Asti province), whose morphological features, however, do not correspond to the ones of Baratuciàt, therefore indicating two different varieties.

distribution & variation

According to the accounts of the local oldest people, Baratuciàt was once widespread in an area between the lower Susa Valley and the nearby lowland, including the municipalities of Almese, Avigliana, Buttigliera, Rosta and Villarbasse. It cannot be excluded the variety was cultivated in the past in other places scattered along the Susa Valley.

No longer cultivated, the last few vines of Baratuciàt were recovered near the village of Almese few years ago. In 2008 the variety was ruled to the National Register of Grape Varieties and authorized for cultivation throughout the region of Piedmont. Its cultivation is however still very limited, officially covering today less than one hectare, but a wider nursery propagation started in the last two years meeting the keen appeal of this cultivar by growers, who started some plantings in areas other than the traditional.

technological use

Because of the vigor and the early budbreak (which makes plants prone to late frosts), the traditional ‘pergola’ trellising was the most used systems for Baratuciàt. Grapes were in the past mainly utilized for fresh consumption: fruitfull canes were cut with all their production (always very generous) and stored for consumption during the winter. There are no information on varietal wine production in the past: accounts indicate Baratuciàt as poorly suited to winemaking because of grape hurdle ripening (probably due to over-cropping).

Following its revival around 2000, it was shown how the grapes adequately ripen can produce a remarkable wine, rich in alcohol and acidity, displaying an intense and very peculiar floral and fruity scent.

bibliographies (2)
authors year title journal citation
Dalmasso G. 1909 Studi ampelografici nell'Astigiano Dattiloscritto. Presso Università degli studi di Torino, DISAFA, unità di colture arboree e fisiologia applicata. Torino.
Di Rovasenda G. 1877 Catalogo dei vitigni attualmente coltivati nella provincia di Torino con un cenno delle proporzioni nella loro coltivazione compilato sulle indicazioni fornite da ciascun comune alla Commissione ampelografica provinciale. In: Bullettino ampelografico, fascicolo VIII. Tip. Eredi Botta (Roma).
updated at 2016-11-14 12:01:27 (3 years ago)