Since different cultivars (either with aromatic or neutral flavour) are designated Brachetto, it is hard to relate the historical information about Brachetto to the one we are dealing with here. A Brachetto 'with a special aroma' described by Giorgio Gallesio (1817-39) must be identified with a different grape variety giving rise to the famous dessert wine Bellet, produced near Nice in France. During his journeys across Italy for the inventory of fruit and grape cultivars, however, Gallesio noticed the presence in different areas of the Asti and Alessandria province of an aromatic Brachetto, whose grape concisely described when he saw it near Costigliole d'Asti in September 1834 (1995, posthumous publication). This is the first mention of a grape variety named Brachetto in Piedmont. An aromatic Brachetto grown in the Alessandria province was also quoted a little later by Demaria and Leardi (1875). Although incorrectly believed identical to the Brachet from Nice, the description given by these authors seems to correspond to “our” Brachetto. This variety is included in the National Register of Grape Varieties and officially described by Dalmasso and associates (1960).