To draw an even concise story of the variety Croatina is not an easy task, due to the fait the first mention of this variety’s name goes back just to 1831, when count Gallesio saw the “Croattino” grown “in Caneto [Canneto pavese] been appreciated as much as, or even better than, Uvetta [Vespolina] and Moradella” (Gallesio, 1995).
It could be assumed, however, its cultivation dates back to previous times in northern Piedmont, where it was traditionally called Nebbiolo (from Gattinara). From this area, similarly to other grape varieties like Vespolina, Croatina would have spread to Oltrepò pavese e from here to Tortonese, if it is true, as Demaria and Leardi stated (1875), that in late 1800 it was just been introduced in the lowland around Tortona.
Similarly as previously explained, the occurrence of Croatina in Monferrato dates back to the second half of 1800, but Croatina’s demonstrated parenthood of grapes already mentioned in early XIX century, moves its presence in the area to an earlier time.
Historical, cultural and oenological characteristics of Croatina were recently published (Raimondi et al., 2006).