Lambrusca di Alessandria: general information

general information managed by Istituto per la Protezione Sostenibile delle Piante - CNR
How to cite this source Raimondi S.,Torello Marinoni D., Schneider A., 2014. Lambrusca di Alessandria. In: Italian Vitis Database, www.vitisdb.it, ISSN 2282-006X
acknowledgments Ager Foundation, Regione Piemonte
botanical information
name
Lambrusca di Alessandria
type of origin
spontanea
specie
Vitis vinifera
variety group
not available
genera
Vitis
subspecie
sativa
variety for
wine
code
IVD-var_112
registration
Registered in the National Catalogue
yes
code
113
Official name
Lambrusca di Alessandria N.
synonyms
documented synonyms (6)
synonyms documented by the Istitution that appear with the eventual support of the literature
  • Pezzè (Comasco e Lecchese)
  • Moretto (Tortonese (Alessandria))
  • Crova (Pinerolese (Torino))
  • Crovìn (Roero (Cuneo))
  • Croetto (Monferrato orientale (Alessandria))
  • Stupèt (Astigiano)
wrong denominations (1)
wrong denominations indicated by the Istitution that appear with the eventual support of the literature
  • Neretto di Alessandria (Val Chisone (Torino))
released clones
images
  • shoot
    shoot
  • leaf
    leaf
  • bunch
    bunch
  • berry
    berry
Historical references

It is hard to identify the first quotation of this variety in the historical documents, as its two typical names, ‘Lambrusca’ and ‘Croetto’, are used for numerous varieties. Such names are reported in the work by count Nuvolone (1799) and even few years earlier in the poem by don Spagarino (Pasqua, 1993): however, it is hard to say they truly refer to ‘Lambrusca di Alessandria’ (synonym ‘Croetto’).

A more certain quotation, established by the mention of the synonym ‘Moretto’ exclusively referring to this variety, is the one by Giorgio Gallesio, who found the ‘Moretto’ in the area of Alessandria (South-eastern Piedmont) in the 1830s, stating also its synonym Lambrusca (Gallesio, 1995).

As for other varieties from South-eastern Piedmont, Demaria and Leardi (1875) are the two authors who compiled the first detailed ampelographic description, also confirming more objectively the mentioned synonyms.

distribution & variation

The name ‘di Alessandria’ (i.e. ‘from Alessandria’) much likely identify the area of origin of this variety. However, due to some cultural features and the high productivity, ‘Lambrusca di Alessandria’ was in the past rather widespread in Piemonte and even outside of the region. Thanks to the late bud break and the relatively early grape ripening, it has been planted in the valley floors or in the cold locations with high risk of spring frosts and short warm summers. The great yield has yet contributed to its popularity.

Besides the synonyms of Moretto, Croetto and locally Stupét used in Piedmont, since the end of 1800 Lambrusca di Alessandria was known in the areas of Lecco and Varese (Lombardy) with the further synonym of Pezzé.

Today ‘Lambrusca di Alessandria’ accounts for no more than 80 ha, all in Piedmont and referring to old plantings (ISTAT, 2010).

technological use

‘Lambrusca di Alessandria’ grapes give a wine generally reputed of inferior quality even in the past; it shows too high tannins and low alcohol content. Varietal-vinification experiences are not known today.

bibliographies (5)
authors year title journal citation
Demaria P.P., Leardi C. 1875 Ampelografia della provincia di Alessandria Ed. Negro, Torino.
Gallesio G. 1995 I giornali dei viaggi A cura di E. Baldini. Accademia dei Georgofili, Firenze.
ISTAT 2010 Censimento generale dell'Agricoltura -
Nuvolone G. 1798 Sulla coltivazione delle viti e sul metodo migliore di fare e conservare i vini. Calendario georgico della Società Agraria di Torino.
Pasqua M. 1993 Territorio e società ad Incisa in Valle Belbo fra basso medio evo ed età moderna. Amm. Comunale, Ass. Pro loco Incisa Scapaccino.
updated at 2016-11-16 14:32:49 (3 years ago)