Cardìn: general information

general information managed by Istituto per la Protezione Sostenibile delle Piante - CNR
How to cite this source Raimondi S., Ruffa P., Schneider A., 2014. Cardìn. In: Italian Vitis Database, www.vitisdb.it, ISSN 2282-006X
acknowledgments Ager Foundation, Regione Piemonte
botanical information
name
Cardìn
type of origin
spontanea
specie
Vitis vinifera
variety group
not available
genera
Vitis
subspecie
sativa
variety for
wine
code
IVD-var_48
registration
Registered in the National Catalogue
no
synonyms
documented synonyms (8)
synonyms documented by the Istitution that appear with the eventual support of the literature
  • Matinera (Corneliano d'Alba, Cuneo province)
  • Borsé (Boves, Cuneo province)
  • Montanera (di Saluzzo) (Saluzzese, Cuneo province)
  • Neirano (Bibiana, Torino province)
  • Barbera dou ciorniu (Valle di Susa, Torino province)
  • Douset vej (Canavese, Torino province)
  • Tadone (del Canavese) (Canavese, Torino province)
  • Cavajera (Canavese, Torino province)
released clones
images
  • shoot
    shoot
  • leaf
    leaf
  • bunch
    bunch
  • berry
    berry
Historical references

The likely first quotation of Cardìn in historical documents is the sentence "Cardino dà buon vino." (“Cardino gives good wine.") by Count Nuvolone in 1787 (reference: Almanacco Agronomico). The same author indicated in 1798 a synonym of Cardìn (precisely the 'Montanera' from the area of Saluzzo) in a list of second-quality grapes from Piedmont. Some more information about this variety are reported in the eleventh issue of the Bulletino ampelografico (Di Rovasenda, 1879) where it is argued that "Montanera also serves as a table grape, mainly for its precocity; it also gives a colored and structured wine, but perhaps not so sturdy and long-living as the one made from Neiretta.".

A first reference description is published in the text "Vitigni del Piemonte" (Schneider et al., 2006).

distribution & variation

Cardìn is the name used in Mondovì and ​​Dronero surroundings to indicate this variety, which shows many synonyms alongside the foot-alps of Piedmont: in Cuneo district is called Borsé, in the western Roero Matinera, near Pinerolo Neirano (to be not confused with another Neirano spread in the Langhe), in the Susa Valley Barbera du ciorniu and in the area of Canavese Cavajera or Dousèt vej (i.e.: ‘Old Dolcetto’ because like Dolcetto displays an early grape ripening and was cultivated there before Dolcetto’s introduction. The most common synonym, however, is the one of  Montanera, name used for Cardìn in the area of Saluzzo. Montanera is also called a different grape variety grown in the mountain part of Pinerolo territory, which must not been mistaken for Cardìn.

technological use

Except for several experimental trials, there are no commercial wine production from Cardìn. Its early ripening grapes (about a week earlier than Dolcetto) give wines of moderate acidity, provided with intense and potentially stable color.

bibliographies (4)
authors year title journal citation
Di Rovasenda G. 1879 Relazione sulla coltivazione della vite nel circondario di Saluzzo. In: Bullettino ampelografico. Ministero d'Agricoltura, fascicolo XI.
Nuvolone G. 1787 Il contadino istruito. Almanacco agronomico per l’anno 1787. Torino.
Nuvolone G. 1798 Sulla coltivazione delle viti e sul metodo migliore di fare e conservare i vini. Calendario georgico della Società Agraria di Torino.
Schneider A., Mannini F., Raimondi S. 2006 Vitigni del Piemonte Ed. Regione Piemonte
updated at 2016-11-16 14:04:59 (4 years ago)