Nebbiolo rosè: general information

general information managed by Istituto per la Protezione Sostenibile delle Piante - CNR
How to cite this source Schneider A., Boccacci P., Raimondi S., 2014. Nebbiolo rosè. In: Italian Vitis Database, www.vitisdb.it, ISSN 2282-006X
acknowledgments Ager Foundation, Regione Piemonte
botanical information
name
Nebbiolo rosè
type of origin
spontanea
specie
Vitis vinifera
variety group
not available
genera
Vitis
subspecie
sativa
variety for
wine
code
IVD-var_147
registration
Registered in the National Catalogue
no
synonyms
documented synonyms (1)
synonyms documented by the Istitution that appear with the eventual support of the literature
  • Chiavennaschino (Valtellina (Sondrio))
released clones
images
  • shoot
    shoot
  • leaf
    leaf
  • bunch
    bunch
  • berry
    berry
Historical references

Since Nebbiolo rosè has been believed for long times identical to Nebbiolo, or at least considered as one of its variants, it is impossible to establish which has been Rosè’s first historical mention. A ‘Nebieul rosè’, however, was quoted by count Nuvolone (1799), who outlined several traits fully corresponding to the variety we are talking: smaller bunches, less coloured berries, reduced fertility.

 

Believed more recently as a Nebbiolo’s ‘biotype’ (Dalmasso et al., 1962), Nebbiolo rosè has been finally identify as a distinct genotype, although genetically related to Nebbiolo, only in 1998, thanks to genetic analyses (Botta et al., 2000).

distribution & variation

Nebbiolo rosè seems to be present since the past in all the areas were Nebbiolo is traditionally grown, from the Langhe and Roero in Piemonte to the Valtellina, maybe to a lesser extent in the northern Piedmont, were it is quite rare. In the province of Sondrio (Valtellina) is called Chiavennaschino (i.e. small ‘Chiavennasca’, the name used there for Nebbiolo): here Rosè was esteemed for its resistance to spring cold (which could affect Nebbiolo’s productivity instead), and to summer drought. If it true, as it is likely, that Chiavennaschino was classified in Valtellina as ‘Chiavennasca piccola’ (Small Chiavennasca), at the end of XIX century it accounted for 500 ha there against the about a thousand of the Chiavennasca (Nebbiolo) (Gerini, 1882).

Even tough some of the first registered clones of Nebbiolo were in fact Nebbiolo rosè, and therefore grown as a single variety in early plantings, in the recently planted vineyards Nebbiolo rosè is usually left out.

technological use

It is likely that grapes from Nebbiolo rosè were never single-vinified but usually blended with Nebbiolo, although Rosè ripens slightly earlier.

From grape composition and from wine making experiences, Nebbiolo rosè is believed to give wines even less coloured than Nebbiolo, but more alcoholic, and with more pronounced floral scents.

bibliographies (4)
authors year title journal citation
Botta R., Schneider A., Akkak A., Scott N.S., Thomas M.R. 2000 Within cultivar grapevine variability studied by morphometrical and molecular marker based techniques. Acta Hort., 528, ISHS 2000, 91-96.
Dalmasso G., Dell’Olio G., Corte A. 1962 Nebbiolo. In: Principali vitigni da vino coltivati in Italia. MAF, Roma, Tomo II, 37.
Gerini C. 1884 Prospetto statistico dei comuni della provincia di Sondrio, classificati a seconda delle varietà dei vitigni nei medesimi coltivati. In: Bollettino ampelografico, fascicolo XVII. Tip. Eredi Botta (Roma).
Nuvolone G. 1798 Sulla coltivazione delle viti e sul metodo migliore di fare e conservare i vini. Calendario georgico della Società Agraria di Torino.
updated at 2016-11-17 11:35:37 (6 years ago)