Bonamico: general information

general information managed by Dipartimento di Scienze Agrarie, Alimentari e Agro-ambientali (DiSAAA-a) - Università di Pisa
How to cite this source Scalabrelli G., D'Onofrio C., 2015. Bonamico. In: Italian Vitis Database. ISSN 2282-006x
botanical information
type of origin
Vitis vinifera
variety group
not available
variety for
Registered in the National Catalogue
Official name
documented synonyms (4)
synonyms documented by the Istitution that appear with the eventual support of the literature
released clones
  • shoot
  • shootTipUs
  • shootTipLs
  • leaf
  • leafUs
  • leafLs
  • petiol sinus
    petiol sinus
  • bunch
  • berry
  • seed
Historical references

Is quoted by Mariti (1797) as typical of Pisa hills. In the Bullettino ampelografico, Fasc. XIV  (Ministero d’Agricoltura, Industria e Commercio, 1881) is reported Bonamico as synonyms of Giacomino, pink Grape, Canaiolo romano rosso cupo, among the varieties cultivated in different municipalities of the province of Florence, while in the Fasc. XVI (Ministero d’Agricoltura, Industria e Commercio, 1883) of the same Bulletin, Bonamico is quoted by Di Rovasenda (1877) and also appears among the varieties described by the ampelographic Commission of Siena province. At the beginning of the twentieth century the Vannuccini (Viala and Vermorel, 1905) report an accurate description, claiming that the ‘Buonamico’ is a vine native to the province of Pisa (locally referred also as Durace, Giacomino or Uva di Palaia) or Lucca, from where it then spread in the rest of Tuscany. The Vigiani (1919) reports the presence of this variety in the provinces of Siena and Florence and Marzotto (1926) report the presence of Bonamico in different provinces of Tuscany. Even Musiani (1932) describes it accurately and stated that it is only rarely found in the vineyards of Siena hills. A detailed description was made by Breviglieri and Messerini (1960). In the area of Morellino di Scansano is also known as "black French" (Ferroni et al., 1999), while in the area of Montecucco is called "Knight". It is in the catalogue of Autochthonous genetic resources of Tuscany (Scalabrelli et al., 2005).

distribution & variation



Pisa province is the main area of cultivation. Until the late '70 of last century it was still fairly widespread, while currently is found only sporadically in some old vineyards in the province of Pisa, Lucca, Massa Carrara, Grosseto, and to a lesser extent in the rest of Tuscany. In 1990 in Tuscany there were 63.58 ha, while in 2000 the area was only about 25 ha.



Area (ha)








Tuscany 1990 (ha)

Tuscany 2000

DOC (ha)

Altri vini







Agronomical performances


Vigorous and very productive variety; bud break and ripening in the third decade of September in Tuscany. It has a good tolence to plant diseases and the rottenness of the bunch. Big bunch with moderate sugar content and acidity at complete ripening.

technological use

It is mainly used for winemaking, but in small quantities it was used as table grapes. Wine color discharge of good or fair quality. Given that the vine is very productive, trials of grape thinning carried out by the Department of Agriculture, Food and Environment (University of Pisa), have made it possible to obtain a product suitable for the production of interesting young balanced wines with varietal footprint characterized by floral aromas (Ducci et al., 2011; 2012). It can therefore envisage an interest in harmonic wines of moderate alcohol content. The grape variety is used for the production of PDO and PGI wines from grapes harvested in the region of Tuscany.

bibliographies (14)
authors year title journal citation
Breviglieri N., Messerini A. 1960 Bonamico Ministero dell’Agricoltura e delle Foreste - Principali vitigni da vino coltivati in Italia - Volume I
Di Rovasenda G. 1877 Saggio di una ampelografia universale. Tipografia Subalpina, Torino.
D’Onofrio C., Fausto C., Matarese F., Materazzi A., Scalabrelli G., Fiorani F., Poli I., 2015 Genotyping of Grapevine Varieties from Garfagnana (Northern Tuscany): Evidence of a Historical Centre of Diversity American Journal of Enology and Viticulture Am. J. Enol. Vitic. 67: 120-126
Ducci E., D'Onofrio C., Fausto C., Ferroni G., Scalabrelli G. 2011 The exploitation of some minor varieties of the "Colline Pisane" as data of regional competitiveness. Wine and Food Tourism First European Conference, Volterra (PI) 13-15 April: 41-44.
Ducci E., Fausto C., D’Onofrio C., Ferroni G., Scalabrelli G. 2012 Comportamento di alcuni vitigni locali delle “Colline Pisane”. IV Convegno Nazionale di Viticoltura, CONAVI.TO 2012 Asti, 10-11-12 luglio 2012.
Ferroni G., Scalabrelli G., Zuddas L. 1999 Vitigni minori nella zona di produzione del DOC Morellino di Scansano. Italus Hortus, 6 (4): 16-17.
Mariti G. 1797 Odeporico o sia itinerario per le Colline Pisane. G. Pagani, Firenze
Marzotto N. 1925 Uve da vino voll. I-II, Tipografia Commerciale, Vicenza.
Ministero d’Agricoltura, Industria e Commercio 1883 Bullettino Ampelografico Fasc. XVI, Regia Tipografia D. Ripamonti, Roma.
Ministero d’Agricoltura, Industria e Commercio 1881 Elenco dei nomi dei vitigni coltivati nella provincia di Firenze seguito dai nomi in ordine alfabetico dei comuni in cui si trovano. Bullettino Ampelografico, Fasc. XIV, Tipografia Eredi Botta, Roma.
Musiani A. 1932 Contributo allo studio dei vitigni coltivati nel Senese Estratto-Bollettino
Scalabrelli G., D’Onofrio C., Ferroni G., Bucelli P., 2005 Bonamico. Il germoplasma viticolo della Toscana 1. Vitigni ad uva nera, 71-74.
Vannuccini V. 1905 Buonamico Viala P., Vermorel V., Traité général de viticulture. Ampélographie. 7 voll., Masson et C. Editeurs, Paris.
Vigiani D. 1919 Lezioni di Viticoltura Parte IV. Note di Ampelografia. Stabilimento Tipografico Madonna della Querce, Montepulciano (Siena).
updated at 2015-07-08 19:58:50 (5 years ago)